Wisc. Ex-Nazi Guard Deported to Austria
83 year old Josias Kumpf, a resident of Racine, Wisconsin since 1956, was http://www.usdoj.gov/opa/pr/2009/March/09-crm-252.html, following his removal from his home earlier this week by ICE officials. The New York Times reports:
[Kumph]admitted that he participated in a murderous November 1943 Nazi operation that went by the code name “Aktion Erntefest” — Operation Harvest Festival — in which roughly 42,000 Jewish men, women and children were murdered at three Nazi camps in eastern Poland in two days.
Mr. Kumpf acknowledged his role was as a guard and an assassin at the Trawniki Labor Camp, where 8,000 men, women and children were shot dead in a single day, Nov. 3, 1943, Justice Department officials said.
In 2007, Spiegel Online reported Kumph obtained U.S. citizenship in 1964 but it was stripped from him in 2005, because he failed to disclose his past on his entry visa. [More...]
The German publication says in 2005, Kumph was given a choice of countries to be deported to: Serbia, Austria or Germany and he chose Germany. (He was born in Serbia.) I'm not sure why he's ending up in Austria. Maybe Germany wouldn't take him.
When his citizenship was revoked, Kumpf became the 100th Nazi criminal to be successfully prosecuted by the OSI since it was created in 1979.
His defense to being stripped of his citizenship:
In a 2003 interview, Kumpf said he was taken from his home in Yugoslavia as a 17-year-old and forced to serve as a guard, but did not participate in any atrocities.
...."We think the judge's interpretation of the law is in error," Kumpf's attorney Peter Rogers said Thursday. "We do not believe that 'assistance and persecution' would include a gentleman who was involuntarily (conscripted) into the army, assigned to the SS and then stationed at places where admittedly terrible things happened. My client never took part in them."
The U.S. doesn't agree:
Kumpf said his assignment was to watch for victims who were still "halfway alive" or "convulsing" and prevent their escape, according to the department.
"Josias Kumpf, by his own admission, stood guard with orders to shoot any surviving prisoners who attempted to escape an SS massacre that left thousands of Jews dead," said Acting Assistant Attorney General Rita Glavin.
Kumpf also served at slave labor sites in Nazi-occupied France where prisoners built launching platforms for Germany's V-1 and V-2 rockets that were used in attacks on Britain, department officials said.
As for the U.S. city the most Nazi deportation cases in our federal courts: Chicago.
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